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January 2006 Term


No. 33068




Submitted: June 6, 2006
Filed: June 14, 2006

Charles R. "Skip" Garten, Esq.
Judicial Investigation Commission
Charleston, West Virginia
Attorney for Petitioner
Dennis J. Willett, Esq.
Nanners & Willett, L.C.
Buckhannon, West Virginia
Attorney for Respondent

The Opinion of the Court was delivered PER CURIAM.

JUSTICES STARCHER AND ALBRIGHT concur in part and dissent in part and reserve the right to file separate opinions.


      1.      “The purpose of judicial disciplinary proceedings is the preservation and enhancement of public confidence in the honor, integrity, dignity, and efficiency of the members of the judiciary and the system of justice.” Syl., Matter of Gorby, 176 W.Va. 16, 339 S.E.2d 702 (1985).

Per Curiam:

            This case is before this Court upon the April 21, 2006, Request for Hearing of Magistrate Clarence W. “Charlie” McCourt, Jr., Magistrate for Upshur County. By our order of April 12, 2006, Magistrate McCourt was suspended without pay from his position as Magistrate by this Court pursuant to Rule 2.14(d)(2) of the West Virginia Rules of Judicial Disciplinary Procedure following a finding of probable cause that Magistrate McCourt had engaged in a serious violation of the Code of Judicial Conduct. This Court has before it the Request for Hearing, the briefs of the parties and all matters of record. Following the arguments of the parties and a review of the record herein, this Court finds that the Rules of Judicial Conduct and existing case law support Magistrate McCourt's suspension without pay. Accordingly, this Court affirms the suspension without pay.


            On March 25, 2006, Barbara Baire came before Magistrate McCourt to request a domestic violence protection order (hereinafter, “DVP order”) after she was allegedly beaten by her husband, Jackie Baire. (See footnote 1) Magistrate McCourt issued the DVP order as well as an arrest warrant for Mr. Baire. A representative of Women's Aid in Crisis took Mrs. Baire into a restroom at the magistrate court building and photographed Mrs. Baire's bruises. Mrs. Baire then left the magistrate court, but she did not return home because she was in fear for her life. Instead, she went to the Colonial Motel, which is located about 200 yards from the magistrate court building.

            In the meantime, deputies from the Sheriff's office went to the Baire house to serve the DVP order and the arrest warrant on Mr. Baire. Magistrate McCourt contacted the 9-1-1 communication center several times to keep abreast of the situation, inquiring as to whether the deputies had entered the home and, at times, speaking directly to the deputies and offering them advice on how to proceed. Mr. Baire was finally taken into custody around 3:00 am on March 26, 2006. The recordings from the 9-1-1 communications center reflect that Magistrate McCourt was made aware of the arrest by one of the deputies, who also informed Magistrate McCourt that he had already contacted Mrs. Baire to let her know that her husband had been arrested and was in jail.

            Nonetheless, at around 6:00 am on March 26, 2006, Magistrate McCourt called Mrs. Baire at the motel to tell her of her husband's arrest. Mrs. Baire allegedly had some questions about the legal process, which Magistrate McCourt attempted to answer. However, Magistrate McCourt asserts that he did not believe that Mrs. Baire really understood the process, so he asked if he could come by her motel room to talk to her about it some more.  Mrs. Baire agreed, and Magistrate McCourt walked over to the motel.

            Magistrate McCourt maintains that he was only briefly at the motel (ten minutes by his account) and that he stood in the doorway the entire time he was at the motel. He asserts that he did not enter the motel room or otherwise act inappropriately. Mrs. Baire, however, asserts that Magistrate McCourt came into the room and began to ask her questions about the case. She alleges that Magistrate McCourt asked specifically to see her bruises, which were covered by her clothing. Mrs. Baire allegedly asked if it would help her case, and Magistrate McCourt allegedly responded that it would. Mrs. Baire asserts that she tried to pull her pants leg up to show him the bruises on her legs, but was unable to do so. She then allegedly lowered her pants to her knees to show Magistrate McCourt the bruises. Magistrate McCourt allegedly told Mrs. Baire to turn around so he could check the backs of her legs. Magistrate McCourt also allegedly asked Mrs. Baire whether she had any bruising on her inner thighs and bent down to take a closer look.

            Magistrate McCourt next allegedly asked whether Mrs. Baire had any bruising on her chest, and she answered affirmatively. He allegedly asked to see those bruises as well, and Mrs. Baire lifted her shirt. Magistrate McCourt then allegedly touched a bruise on the top of Mrs. Baire's breast as well as an area below her nipple. Mrs. Baire asserts that Respondent then went into the bathroom for several minutes before coming back out and sitting next to her on the bed. She states that she was very uncomfortable, and Magistrate McCourt left soon thereafter. On his way out, though, he allegedly asked to see the bruise on Mrs. Baire's breast again. She declined to show him the bruise again. Magistrate McCourt then allegedly instructed Mrs. Baire not to tell anyone that he had come to the room.

            The following day, Mrs. Baire told a Women's Aid in Crisis worker what had occurred in the motel room. She subsequently filed a complaint against Magistrate McCourt with the Judicial Investigation Commission on April 10, 2006. (See footnote 2)

            On April 10, 2006, the Administrative Director of the Courts filed a complaint against Magistrate McCourt alleging that the magistrate had engaged in a serious violation of Canon 2A of the Code of Judicial Conduct. (See footnote 3) On April 12, 2006, this Court entered an Order finding probable cause that Magistrate McCourt had engaged in a serious violation of the Code of Judicial Conduct and suspended him from his duties as a magistrate without pay.  Formal charges were filed on April 18, 2006, following which Magistrate McCourt filed a written request for a hearing on the issue of his temporary suspension without pay. (See footnote 4) It is that request that brings us here today.


            We have long ascribed to the belief that “[t]he purpose of judicial disciplinary proceedings is the preservation and enhancement of public confidence in the honor, integrity, dignity, and efficiency of the members of the judiciary and the system of justice.” Syl., Matter of Gorby, 176 W.Va. 16, 339 S.E.2d 702 (1985). We recently reiterated our commitment to that principle in In re Toler, 216 W.Va. 743, 747, 613 S.E.2d 604, 608 (2005), wherein we stated, “This Court will not retreat from its duty to the justice system.”

            In Toler, a magistrate had been suspended without pay following his indictment on criminal charges. Though he was subsequently acquitted of those charges, this Court declined to lift his suspension without pay pending the completion of an investigation by the Judicial Investigation Commission.

            There can be no doubt that this Court has the power to suspend a magistrate without pay based upon an allegation that he or she has acted in violation of the Code of Judicial Conduct. Rule 2.14(d)(2) of the Rules of Judicial Disciplinary Procedure states that:

                If the Court finds probable cause pursuant to Rule 2.14(c) (See footnote 5) to believe that a judge has engaged or is currently engaging in a serious violation of the Code of Judicial Conduct or has become unable or unwilling to perform official duties, the Court may direct that the judge not hear any further civil or criminal matters or perform other judicial functions while the matter is pending, with or without pay.

With Rule 2.14(d)(2) in mind, we have recognized that “[w]hen the integrity of the judiciary is placed into question by the action or conduct of any judge, this Court is authorized to impose an interim suspension pending the disposition of the charges against the judge or until the underlying judicial disciplinary proceeding is completed.” Matter of Grubb, 187 W.Va. 228, 231, 417 S.E.2d 919, 922 (1992) (emphasis added).

            Magistrate McCourt contends that the Disciplinary Counsel failed to conduct a complete investigation into the allegations against him and that he was not afforded an opportunity to defend himself prior to his suspension. Though he recognizes that a public office is not a property interest, (See footnote 6) Magistrate McCourt argues that his constitutionally protected rights have been ignored inasmuch as he enjoys a pecuniary interest in his publicly- elected position. Magistrate McCourt also points out that, unlike the respondents in Grubb and Toler, he has not yet been charged criminally; and he argues that, accordingly, it is his very suspension without pay that casts doubt upon the “honor, integrity, dignity, and efficiency of the judiciary.” We disagree.

            Magistrate McCourt's uncontested actions in this matter raise profound question which directly implicate the issue of public confidence in the judicial process. (See footnote 7) Indeed, as he admits, Magistrate McCourt is also now currently under criminal investigation by the West Virginia State Police and may well face criminal charges for his alleged actions. Both investigations (both disciplinary and criminal) into his alleged behavior and the underlying uncontested matters present herein directly implicate the “honor, integrity, dignity, and efficiency of the members of the judiciary and the system of justice.”

            We are satisfied that sufficient evidence currently exists in this matter to believe that Magistrate McCourt has engaged in a serious violation of the Code of Judicial Conduct and that the suspension of Magistrate McCourt without pay is justified. We decline to proceed further into a consideration of the merits of the underlying ethics complaint in view of the pending investigation below. As we pointed out in Toler, “[w]hen the record in an action or suit is such that an appellate court can not in justice determine the judgment that should be finally rendered, the case should be remanded to the trial court for further development.” Syl. Pt. 2, South Side Lumber Co. v. Stone Construction Co., 151 W.Va. 439, 152 S.E.2d 721 (1967). Here, the Judicial Hearing Board has not even heard the allegations brought before it. In this case, that trial court is the Judicial Hearing Board, and the further development of the record must come from a full hearing before that board. Toler, 216 W. Va. at 747, 613 S.E.2d at 608. We encourage the parties to proceed below without unnecessary delay.

            Consistent with our duty to the integrity of this State's judicial system, we reaffirm our decision that Magistrate McCourt be suspended without pay until the underlying judicial disciplinary proceeding is completed. Should Magistrate McCourt be exonerated by the pending disciplinary investigation, he may return to this Court to seek backpay. See, Matter of Grubb, 187 W.Va. 228, 234, 417 S.E.2d 919, 925 (1992). As in Grubb, here “we find that the overriding public interest in preserving the integrity of the judiciary demands that we subordinate the personal interests of [Magistrate McCourt]....” Id.


            Accordingly, we affirm Magistrate McCourt's suspension without pay pending the outcome of judicial disciplinary proceedings.

Reconsideration denied.

Footnote: 1

      The beating apparently took place on March 24, 2006.
Footnote: 2
      The West Virginia State Police are currently investigating the matter. No charges have yet been filed.
Footnote: 3
      Canon 2A of the Code of Judicial Conduct states:

                A judge shall respect and comply with the law, shall avoid impropriety and the appearance of impropriety in all of the judge's activities, and shall act at all times in a manner that promotes public confidence in the integrity and impartiality of the judiciary.
Footnote: 4
      On May 5, 2006, Magistrate McCourt moved the Judicial Hearing Board to continue its own hearing in this matter pending a criminal investigation and the possible filing of further complaints against Magistrate McCourt. The Judicial Hearing Board granted the motion on May 12, 2006, and set the matter for hearing on September 25, 2006.
Footnote: 5
      Rule 2.14(c) of Rules of Judicial Disciplinary Procedure states that:

                Upon receipt of the report, from the Chief Justice, the Supreme Court shall determine whether probable cause exists. A finding of probable cause hereunder shall be in lieu of a probable cause finding made pursuant to Rule 2.7(c). If it is determined that probable cause exists, the Court may:
                (1) direct the Disciplinary Counsel to file formal charges with the Clerk of the Supreme Court; and,

                (2) provide notice to the judge of a right to a hearing on the issue of temporary suspension, said hearing to be in not less than 30 days; with the judge provided notice of the hearing in not less than 20 days before the proceeding; or
                (3) in the alternative, remand the complaint for proceedings pursuant to Rules 2.7(d) and Rule 4.
Footnote: 6
      See, Moore v. Strickling, 46 W.Va. 515, 33 S.E. 274 (1899).
Footnote: 7
       We recognize that many of the matters raised in this case are, at this time, only allegations. Other matters, such as Magistrate McCourt's involvement in the activities of the Sheriff's investigation of Mrs. Baire's domestic violence charge and his trip to the motel where Mrs. Baire was staying appear to be uncontested. The merits of the underlying ethical charges are not currently before this court.