No. 25054 - Sheila Stapleton, et al. v. Board of Education of the County of
Lincoln, et al.
Maynard, Justice, dissenting:
The court of Fussbudget, Peeves, and
Quarrels is again in session; Judge Maynard presiding. I am fussing today, and I dissent
because, contrary to the majority, I do not believe that our decision in Ewing is
applicable here. Ewing applies to teacher complaints concerning hiring decisions.
The instant case, on the other hand, concerns a situation where innocent third parties,
the school children, are impacted by the Board of Education's action.
First, let me make clear that I agree
with this Court's holding in Ewing. Because teachers are afforded two remedies when
they are affected by a board of education's hiring decision, it only makes sense that the
course of relief chosen at the outset must be followed through to finality before teachers
can avail themselves of the other remedy. In hiring cases, the aggrieved teacher is
normally the only party personally involved with the board's decision and the resulting
This is factually distinguishable from
the case sub judice. Here, a hiring decision is not involved but rather a condition
of employment which affected hundreds of school children. While the procedural devices and
timetables of the Education Employees Grievance Board may suffice to redress the wrongs
done to a teacher, they are plainly not adequate when innocent third parties are involved.
These poor school children suffered for over a year with teachers who were not afforded
planning periods. These planning periods are a crucial part of the teachers' workday. As
stated in the statute, they are needed "to complete necessary preparations for the
instruction of pupils." W.Va. Code § 18A-4-14(2) (1993), in part. In fact, a single
planning period per day is generally not enough time for teachers to prepare class, grade
papers, and complete other necessary paperwork. Teachers, because they are dedicated
professionals, often work at night, on their own time, in order to complete their tasks.
Because these teachers were not afforded necessary planning periods, they were not as
well-prepared as they would have been otherwise. As a result, irreparable harm was done to
the education of hundreds of school children who were forced to wait an entire school year
while this case slowly oozed through the thick muck of the administrative grievance
process. This is a full year of tarnished education that cannot be given back to these
In addition, I do not agree with the majority's conclusion that by reversing the decision of the circuit court, this matter will be resolved in a more efficient manner.
The majority reasons that the grievance procedure provides an adequate remedy in this
instance and will result in a more prompt resolution of this matter. This simply is not
true. Look at the facts. On September 10, 1996, the teachers filed a grievance as provided
for in the education employees' grievance procedure. It was not until August 12, 1997,
over eleven months after the grievance was filed, that the Level IV hearing examiner
rendered a decision denying the grievance. Meanwhile, almost an entire school year had
come and gone and another school year was about to begin. On August 26, 1997, the circuit
court correctly granted mandamus relief.See footnote
1 1 Absent this relief, the teachers and their students simply would have
been forced to wait until the circuit court ruled on the teachers' appeal from the Level
All of this is even more frustrating when one considers that the teachers had the law on their side all along. Clearly, the teachers have an absolute right to a planning period during the course of each school day. The language of the statute clearly provides that "[e]very teacher who is regularly employed for a period of time more than one-half the class periods of the regular school day shall be provided at least one planning period." W.Va. Code § 18A-4-14(2) (1993), in part (emphasis added). See also Gant v. Waggy, 180 W.Va. 481, 483, 377 S.E.2d 473, 475 (1988) (per curiam) ("In W.Va. Code, 18A-4-
14, the Legislature has indicated that there will be at least one planning period
within each regular school day[.] This Court believes that the plain meaning of this
language is inescapable. Each teacher must be provided with at least one planning period
of the length of the usual class period in the school[.]").
For the period of a year, the Board of
Education wrongly denied teachers a statutorily mandated daily planning period. In a
classic example of administrative lethargy and ineptitude, it took the Education Employees
Grievance Board the same amount of time to conclude, in a Level IV decision, that the
Board of Education was right! Not until the circuit court issued its decision granting
mandamus relief was something correct done in this case. Now the majority reverses the
only legally correct decision made here.
By failing to afford planning periods
to the teachers in this case, the Lincoln County Board of Education not only violated a
statute, but also did a great disservice to hard-working teachers and their students. The
Education Employees' Grievance Board and now this Court perpetuates this disservice.
Accordingly, I respectfully dissent.
Footnote: 11 The record indicates that the Lincoln County Board of Education now affords all Lincoln County teachers planning periods.