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photo courtesy of WV Department of Commerce, Steve Shaluta, photographer

Annual Meeting

July 19-23, 2014

White Sulphur Springs, WV

State of West Virginia Seal

Supreme Court of Appeals

State Capitol Complex
Charleston, West Virginia 25305

Robin Jean Davis

Chief Justice

Dear Chief Justices and State Court Administrators,

Chief Justice Robin Jean Davis

I look forward to welcoming you in July to my native West Virginia and The Greenbrier, our state’s finest resort, which has hosted meetings of our American and world leaders for more than two hundred years.

The Greenbrier began as a group of log cabins around a spring. Native American legend has it that the sulfur water spring began when an arrow shot at two lovers was pulled from the ground. In 1778, a colonial woman suffering from rheumatism said soaking in and drinking the water cured her. People began pitching tents around the spring, then building log cabins, then cottages and a tavern. Now The Greenbrier is more than a glowing white Georgian palace; The Greenbrier campus has more than sixty buildings on ten thousand acres, plenty of room for its seven hundred guests.

Although it began as a health resort and gathering place, during the Civil War both the Union and Confederacy commandeered it at separate times as a hospital. It was pressed into that service again in World War II, when it also was used as an internment center for foreign diplomats.

Its once-secret Congressional bunker is now a tourist attraction, which you will have the opportunity to see on the Sunday night of the Annual Meeting. There are retail shops and more than fifty indoor and outdoor activities for you and your families, including three 18-hole championship golf courses. Service and amenities are top-notch, especially in the resort’s many restaurants, which include cafes, bars, and fine dining.

The Greenbrier will give you a taste of what West Virginia has to offer. My fellow Justices and I hope you will stop elsewhere in our state to see our many historic sites, enjoy our abundant outdoor recreational opportunities, and admire, as we all do, our beautiful mountains.

You will see that Wild, Wonderful West Virginia deserves its motto.

Robin Jean Davis

Supreme Court of Appeals

State of West Virginia

Steven D. Canterbury
Administrative Director

Supreme Court of Appeals of West Virginia Seal

Dear Happy Travelers,

Supreme Court Administrative Director Steven D. Canterbury

I can't wait to see you in West Virginia and at the world-famous Greenbrier, no less. The Justices, Court staff, and I are all eager to see that you get the most out of your visit here.

Working with that incomparable team -- Shelley Rockwell, Brenda Williams, and Toni Grainer -- we've all done our best to plan a venue that will ensure memorable moments and educational excellence. Thanks especially to the hard work of Brenda Uekert, the conference's timely theme --"The Silver Tsunami: The Effects of an Aging Population on State Courts" -- will be lively and informative.

Spouses and children will have more than enough to do at The Greenbrier itself. Just a listing of what's offered at this remarkable resort would fill several pages. With the new Conference schedule allowing Tuesday afternoon to be free for playing, even the golfers will be able to feed their passion on one of The Greenbrier's famous courses.

However, we've added a few activities for those people who want to leave the campus. On Tuesday, we shall provide small buses for anyone who wants to travel to nearby Lewisburg (selected by Budget Travel as 2011's coolest town in America) for shopping at unique galleries and to see some historical sites. The vans will run every half hour to provide maximum flexibility.

We've also added two days of adventure for those who want to visit the nation's oldest river, the ironically named New River. Guests can choose whether they want a float trip or a whitewater adventure followed by zip line fun. (For both of these activities, just press the "Program/Social" button above for a fuller explanation.)

On our final night, we're grilling outdoors on Kate's Mountain and listening to authentic mountain music by West Virginia Music Hall of Fame member Melvin Goins and Windy Mountain. During the breaks, one of the winners of West Virginia's annual Liar's Contest -- Bill Lepp -- will be spinning a few yarns. If any of you would like to have your own spin at competing with a world-class liar, you'll be free to step up on stage!

This website contains a great deal of information about activities near The Greenbrier. Links will take you to each specific venue. And you are free to call me (304-558-0145) if you want even more information about anything you happen into that's occurring in my home state.

We're certainly pleased and honored to be hosting this year's Annual Meeting, and we're sure that you'll have a great time in the Mountain State.

Steven D. Canterbury

photo courtesy of Michael Switzer


Education Program

Click here to download the full Education Program.

Education Sessions

The Multidimensionality of Capacity and Navigating Sensitive Court Matters

The size of the aging boom is staggering with some 72 million people projected to be 65 years or older by 2030. This program will address the demographic transition to an aging society, how greater longevity is associated with functional limitations and changes in capacity, and how the courts will be affected by this transformation. A case study that demonstrates the multi-dimensionality of capacity and assessment challenges will serve as the foundation for discussion about a surge in probate case types and capacity determination hearings. The sensitive topic of judicial capacity and the roles of state judicial assistance programs will be explored.


  • Gerald W. VandeWalle, Chief Justice, Supreme Court of North Dakota


  • Terry L. Harrell, Executive Director, Indiana Judges and Lawyers Assistance Program
  • Dr. Bonnie J. Olsen, Clinical Professor, Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, University of California Irvine

The Case of the Legendary Philanthropist Brooke Astor: Capacity v. Greed

At the heart of the renowned case of “The People v. Anthony Marshall and Francis Morrissey” were questions regarding Mrs. Astor’s mental capacity and her son and attorney’s financial exploitations of her famous fortune. This session will explore her grandson’s intervention and the court’s approach to rendering justice in a case of larceny and massive fraud to a victim in the throes of advanced Alzheimer’s disease.


  • Robin Sweet, Director and State Court Administrator, Nevada Administrative Office of the Courts


  • Darcel D. Clark, Associate Justice, New York State Supreme Court, Appellate Division, First Department
  • Elizabeth Loewy, Chief, Elder Abuse Unit, New York County District Attorney’s Office
  • Philip C. Marshall, Professor of Historic Preservation, School of Architecture, Art and Historic Preservation, Roger Williams University, Rhode Island and grandson of Brooke Astor

Improving Court Responses to Elder Abuse, Neglect and Exploitation

Elder abuse (including neglect and financial exploitation) is a hidden problem in the justice system and is an underlying factor in a variety of court cases involving older persons. While every state has criminal statutes that apply to elder abuse, these cases present special challenges for the justice system. This session begins with a presentation on the common misconceptions that seem to hinder the investigation, prosecution and conviction of many elder abuse incidents. A follow-up panel discussion featuring innovative court responses and national resources will include a range of actions that can be taken by courts.


  • Tani Gorre Cantil-Sakauye, Chief Justice, Supreme Court of California


  • Joyce Cram, Judge, Superior Court of Contra Costa, California (Ret.)
  • Paul Greenwood, Deputy District Attorney, Elder Abuse Prosecution Unit, San Diego District Attorney’s Office
  • Brenda Uekert, Director of the Center for Elders in the Courts, National Center for State Courts

Innovations and Challenges in Guardianship Reform

This panel discussion examines the impetus for state-level reform of the adult guardianship/conservatorship system and how state justice systems have responded. The discussion will include a comparison of approaches and highlight the most promising aspects of reform efforts.


  • Callie Dietz, State Court Administrator, Washington


  • David K. Byers, Administrative Director of the Courts, Arizona
  • Michael G. Heavican, Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Nebraska
  • Jeff Shorba, State Court Administrator, Minnesota
  • Erica F. Wood, Assistant Director, ABA Commission on Law and Aging

Social Program

Activities on your own

Greenbrier Activities

The Greenbrier itself provides the best social "program" that's humanly possible. If there's something you'd like to do, The Greenbrier website will likely provide abundant information.

That's one of the reasons we have left Sunday morning and afternoon open for you to explore this remarkable place. Both the hotel concierge and West Virginia's Supreme Court volunteers can help you find whatever you're looking for. Just don't be afraid to ask. The main building of The Greenbrier is absolutely enormous and is worth an exploration in and of itself.

It's the several thousand acre campus, however, where you'll find even more fun. Just go to the link above and see what you can find to make you happy.


The Greenbrier Resort - Springhouse

For shoppers, there are plenty of retail specialty stores in the main building. But there are shops elsewhere on the campus as well: the Art Colony Shops located in the historic Alabama Row cottages overlooking the Springhouse. The walk under the centuries' old trees as you stroll over to the Colony can cool you down on the hottest of July days, and the shops feature crafts and merchandise that you won't find anywhere else.

History Fun

Past Presidents having fun at The Greenbrier

If you're a history buff, be sure to visit the Presidents' Cottage Museum. Opened in 1932, this museum gives information about the Greenbrier stays of 26 U. S. Presidents. The cottage itself was where each president stayed in August from the 1830s through the 1850s -- from Martin Van Buren to James Buchanan -- to get away from the sweltering heat of August in Washington, D.C.

Since people have been coming to The Greenbrier since 1778, there is even more for the historically minded. A special history tour is one of the many offerings at The Greenbrier and golf historians can be especially satisfied since that too is one of the hotel's discussions and tours.

Afternoon Tea

The Greenbrier Resort - North Entrance

If you've had enough swimming (indoor or outdoor), tennis, horseback riding, or any of the other myriad activities at The Greenbrier, Sunday afternoon might be a good time to experience The Greenbrier's afternoon tea. It's held every day in the Main Dining Room between 4:00 PM and 4:45 PM. It's not as formal as it once was (where ladies and gentlemen dressed in appropriate afternoon formal clothing before changing into their dinner clothes for dinner later that evening). But it is still a reminder of the grand old traditions where you can nibble on freshly made goodies underneath the unique crystal chandelier designed by Dorothy Draper. Plus, we've heard from connoisseurs of tea that the afternoon tea is mighty good and hits the spot.

Scheduled Activities

Of course, we're not going to leave you entirely to your own devices! Here, then, is a list of what we have in mind to make your trip to the 2014 Annual Meeting even more fun and memorable:

Saturday Evening

Law & Literature Session

5:30pm - A reception with light hors d' oeuvres will be held in the Lobby outside the Eisenhower room, for participants, spouses, and guests with musical guests Born Old

7:00pm - Dean H. King, author of The Feud: The Hatfields and McCoys: The True Story

For more than a century, the enduring feud between the Hatfields and the McCoys has been American shorthand for passionate, unyielding, and even violent confrontation, aspects of which ended up in several courts, including the United States Supreme Court. Yet despite numerous articles, books, television shows, and feature films, nobody has ever told the in-depth true story of this legendarily fierce-and far-reaching-clash in the heart of Appalachia. Drawing upon years of original research, including the discovery of previously lost and ignored documents and interviews with relatives of both families, bestselling author Dean King finally gives us the full, unvarnished tale, one vastly more enthralling than the myth.

Sunday Evening

Bunker Tour

In the 1960s, a secret bunker was built underneath The Greenbrier for use by members of Congress in the event of a nuclear missile attack on Washington, D.C. For almost forty years, this bunker was maintained by the U. S. Government and kept ready for using by Congress.

On Sunday night, tours will be given of the bunker. Since only 28 people at a time can go on a tour, these will be staggered to accommodate everyone who wants to go, and it's highly recommended that you do so. This is a great lesson about the Cold War, and it is extraordinary how the federal government went to such lengths to protect the members of Congress and their families while attempting to present an image of "things as usual."

We'll begin the tours at around 5:15 PM and they will continue throughout the evening until everyone who wants to go has had a chance to see how the U. S. government prepared for Congress to survive and work through the worst. Obviously, these tours will overlap both the night's reception and the buffet dinner.


If the weather permits, the reception will be held in the Colonial Terrace at 6:00 PM, very close to where the Bunker tours originate. (In the case of inclement weather, we'll hold the reception just indoors at the Cameo Ballroom. We also plan on having some lovely mountain music entertainment as we enjoy drinks and light hors d'oeuvres.

Members of our party will be coming and going from the Bunker during the reception.

Buffet Dinner

Again, in order to accommodate the Bunker tour groups, we need dinner to be buffet style. Don't worry, however: the dining experience for which The Greenbrier is known will be grand.

Monday -- Rafting in the New River Gorge (and Zip Lining above it)

Spouses, guests, and children will be transported via bus to the New River Gorge National River to enjoy either a day-long float trip (with a picnic lunch by the river in the Gorge) or whitewater rafting, whichever guests choose.

white water fun

The trips vary depending on the depth of the river. However, the float trips typically last six to seven hours and the whitewater rafting trips are three or four hours.

While a person can opt on Monday for just the zip line courses and spend the day in the canopy of the trees, a bus will be heading back to the Gorge on Tuesday for just zip lining. Tree Tops, River Canopy, and the world-renowned Gravity Course can keep a zip line aficionado happy all day long. Zip line fun lasts for three to four hours, depending on the courses that are chosen.

We've planned for one of the buses to leave after the whitewater trip so that guests will not have to wait for those who went on the longer float trip. The other bus will leave after the float "trippers" return and the final zip line course has been conquered at the end of the day.

The bus trip, incidentally, is about an hour and fifteen minutes each way. It's a beautiful trip for you to see the sights on the way there. You'll be so tired that you'll likely sleep all the way back!

We've chosen Class VI River Runners not only because of that company's decades' long expertise on the river, but because of its beautiful setting on the canyon rim.

Please note that you'll need to reserve your trip through the spouse's registration form. There is no cost to participants, but we'll need to know the numbers for each venue to make adequate reservations

Culinary Classes on Monday and Tuesday Afternoons

Some of you won't want to travel to the New River Gorge. Perhaps you would like to learn how to make a new dish, special desserts, or even remarkable cocktails. On both Monday and Tuesday, we are offering our guests culinary classes from the renowned chefs of The Greenbrier.

food prep

The classes will be determined by those guests who sign up. The majority will rule for each day. There is no charge for the classes, incidentally, but there may be some back and forth among the guests about which two classes are ultimately chosen. Here is the, ahem, menu of choices as provided by The Greenbrier:

  1. Brilliant Brunch for a Bunch
    Inviting your friends for brunch can be a wonderful way to entertain. We will show how to plan a satisfying brunch for a bunch with great recipes and techniques that will result in a memorable meal.
  2. Soup and Salad Luncheon
    Is there anything more satisfying than a soup and salad lunch? This demonstration will give you wonderful ideas for the ideal comfort meal.
  3. The Perfect Picnic
    Picnic fare can be challenging. How do you make a portable meal, which is both mouth watering and easy to serve? This class is designed to make your next picnic or tailgate party a true crowd pleaser.
  4. Pre-Theater Cocktail Buffet
    The latest trend in home entertaining is not a new concept, just one that needs to be revitalized. Cocktail buffets provide something for every type of guests, items which are easy to prepare and beautifully presented. Let us give you some ideas to make your next cocktail buffet the talk of the town.
  5. Casual and Delicious Hors D'oeuvres
    All good cooks have several tried and true hors d’oeuvre recipes on hand that can be whipped up at a moment's notice. You'll be able to entertain at the drop of a hat with our hors d’oeuvre recipes in your file.
  6. Hors d'oeuvres to Impress
    Would you like your hors d'oeuvres to have the wow factor? We know how and in this class we will take hors d'oeuvres to the next level. Your guests will say wow, how did you do that?
  7. Buffet Dinner for Family and Friends
    A beautifully presented buffet dinner can be a great way to entertain family and friends. We will show you how to make simple and delicious comforting food that will make those close to you feel special.
  8. Simply Elegant Dinner
    With this demonstration, you will be given the keys to unlock the secrets of how to make your next elegant dinner have the look and taste of a five-star restaurant meal.
  9. Delectable Desserts
    There is nothing that will make your guests feel more special than beautifully designed individual desserts. We will show you how easy it is to make delicious and delectable desserts.

Monday Night

Monday night you're on your own. That's why it's a good place here to discuss Eating at The Greenbrier:

The resort has nine separate restaurants that range from formal dining to cafes.

Dining at The Greenbrier

It is highly recommended that you make reservations to eat in the Main Dining Room on Monday night. It is a world-famous venue with food to match its reputation and it is a unique dining opportunity.

One of the real favorites at The Greenbrier is its steakhouse, Prime 44 West, named after basketball legend -- and West Virginia native son -- Jerry West. Again, reservations are a good idea.

For casual, easy-going dining, try Draper's. Named after Dorothy Draper, the legendary interior designer who changed what Americans expect in its hotels and resorts after her landmark work The Greenbrier in the 1940s, Draper's is a great place to grab lunch between activities. No reservations are required.

Café Carleton is a traditional coffee house with a luxurious European ambience, largely due to murals that surround the diners. No reservations are required.

In the mood for Italian food -- house-made pastas, vegetables fresh from the Greenbrier Chef's Garden, and dishes influenced from all of the regions of Italy -- try The Forum. Reservations are strongly recommended for this taste of Italy.

Dining at The Greenbrier

If you're too busy playing, shopping, and browsing to stop to eat, you can grab something on the run at The Greenbrier Gourmet.

If you're playing tennis or golf, Sam Snead's is a convenient, wonderful restaurant. Turn one way, and you can watch the food prepared in the open show kitchen. Turn the other, and watch the golfers doing their best to live up to the golfing legend (and Greenbrier pro in the 1950s and 1960s, Sam Snead).

You won't have to leave the outdoor infinity pool to have a sandwich or a burger. Tree Tops Café will hit the spot as you relax with the backdrop of the lovely Allegheny Mountains to enhance your swimming or sunbathing experience.

In-Fusion is in the heart of The Greenbrier's Casino Club, so those under 21 years old cannot be served. It features small plate dishes from the Pacific Rim, and is where you need to go if you're craving sake or Asian beer. Reservations are recommended.

There are also five bars (JJ's, the Lobby Bar, Twelve Oaks, Greenbrier Royale, and Slammin' Sammy's) located throughout the resort if you're feeling a bit thirsty before the Hospitality Suite opens each night at 9:00 PM (location to be announced).

Tuesday -- Zip Lining the Gorge

Zip Lining

For those who decided to go down the river and who now want to have an aerial version of the New River Gorge -- and for those who chose to zip-line on Monday and can't wait to get back up there -- we'll be taking another bus or two back to the New River Gorge for a day of zip line fun. There is no cost to guests for this activity.

Tree Tops, River Canopy, and the world-renowned Gravity Course can keep a zip line aficionado happy all day long. These activities last for three to four hours, depending on the courses that are chosen.

The participants will be queried on the bus about what they plan to do so that a leave time can be established that suits everyone. In any case, the buses will be back by no later than 4:30 PM so that everyone will have time to clean up and relax for a moment before heading up to Kate's Mountain.

Tuesday Afternoon

There's likely much more to explore at The Greenbrier itself. But just in case you want to visit elsewhere in the vicinity, we'll have mini-buses running back and forth to Lewisburg, Budget Travel Magazine's 2011 Coolest Small Town in America.

These buses will leave every half hour after 10:30 AM from the main entrance to The Greenbrier and from the Greenbrier County Visitors' Center in downtown. Everything in town is within a few blocks of the Visitors' Center.

Lewisburg has an interesting history which has been preserved in a number of buildings and homes, including log cabins built some 250 years ago. It's the site of the oldest extant courthouse in the state.

There are also interesting antique shops ranging from "junktique" to high-end antiques. What is most notable about shopping in Lewisburg is the number of high-end art galleries.

We shall have Court volunteers on the bus, at the Visitors' Center, and roaming the town to answer questions and help make sure you find what you want.

We'll stop running the buses at 4:00 PM., but we'll make sure that there is a contact number given to each traveler in case he or she misses that final bus and needs a ride back to White Sulphur Springs.

Tuesday Evening

At 6:00 PM, we'll begin taking guests from the main hotel on buses on a ten-minute ride to the top of Kate's Mountain. There, we'll have a sumptuous spread of authentic West Virginia mountain food.

Kate's Mountain has splendid views of the Alleghenies and is a wonderful setting to catch the cool breezes of the evening. There is a pavilion in case of rain.

As dinner winds down, we'll have the pleasure of being entertained by West Virginia Music Hall of Fame member Melvin Goins and his band, Windy Mountain. During their breaks, we'll hear from a past winner of West Virginia's annual Liars' Contest, Bil Lepp. We'll also be inviting any of the Chiefs who would like to compete with a bona fide liar to come up on stage and give it a try. (Administrators, of course, never lie!)

For those who may want to leave before the end of the entertainment, buses will be heading down the hill throughout the night. But you'll likely be enthralled until the last string is plucked.

photo courtesy of Michael Switzer

How to get there

Traveling to West Virginia and The Greenbrier is easier than you probably expect. While many of you have traveled through small parts of our state on I-70 or I-81 and -- West Virginia being a classic "fly-over state" -- most of you have flown over our state, few of you have actually visited West Virginia as a destination.

Some of you may want to travel off the main routes to The Greenbrier. The West Virginia Division of Tourism has a robust website that can fill you in about every part of the state.

For those of you who love the bed and breakfast experience, West Virginia is just loaded with those homey places.

Of course, there is one other resource available only to those in the CCJ/COSCA family. He is uniquely suited to answer your questions, and his knowledge and understanding of the State are second-to-none. Just call Steve Canterbury at (304) 558-0145 if you want to know anything about traveling into our Mountain State. He's happy to help.

Here, then, are some options for traveling to The Greenbrier:

By plane:

The closest airport to The Greenbrier is the Greenbrier Valley Airport in Lewisburg, West Virginia. It's only some fifteen minutes from the airport to the hotel.

The Greenbrier offers a shuttle from and to the airport, although it is $28 each way, and they request that reservations be made with them in advance. However, West Virginia Court staff will be available to pick up and return attendees in one of the state vans. It may not be as luxurious as The Greenbrier's transportation, but it will be free to you. We'll need to know ahead of time so that we can have someone at the airport to meet you. (Look for the little signs with your names on them held by a helpful looking person in a purple shirt.)

Currently, Silver Airways, affiliated with United Airlines, has flights from Atlanta and Washington-Dulles daily. For direct reservations, you can go to or call (800) 881-4999. For those of you who appreciate airplane specifics, Silver Airways utilizes Saab 340Bplus aircraft.

By plane and automobile the most direct way:

For those of you who want to tour through some of West Virginia en route to The Greenbrier, you can fly to Charleston, West Virginia's capitol city, and rent a car. There are some interesting and beautiful sites to see along the way.

The most direct route from the Yeager Airport in Charleston to The Greenbrier takes only about two hours and is a four-lane highway all the way. En route, you will drive through the beautiful Paint Creek hollow, one of the only extended drives via a four-lane highway on an Appalachian valley floor.

Here's how: From the airport, take Greenbrier Street down the hill towards Charleston. At the intersection of I-64/I-77, turn left southbound towards Beckley.

This road turns into the West Virginia Turnpike and you will eventually come to two toll booths (costing you two dollars each).

Just past Beckley (a little over fifty miles from the airport), I-77 splits south from I-64. Be sure to be in the left two lanes in order to continue east on I-64.

In about sixty more miles, you will see the Exit 175 for White Sulphur Springs. Take the exit and turn left; at the intersection with U. S. Route 60 a quarter mile from the interstate, turn right onto U. S. Route 60 East towards White Sulphur Springs. In a couple of miles, you'll see the entrance to The Greenbrier on the left (and you'll know you're getting close since you'll be driving through one of The Greenbrier's golf courses before you turn up the hill, round a curve, and see the main entrance).

Even this most direct route has a few sites worth noting that are literally just off the interstate.

New River Gorge National River

One of fourteen National Heritage Rivers in the nation, the ironically named New River is one of the oldest rivers in the world. If you're not planning on taking the trip to the river on Monday or Tuesday, you still can visit one of two National Park centers along the way.

Along the most direct route on I-64 East/I-77 South, simply take the North Beckley exit onto U. S. 19 North. It is about a fifteen mile drive on a four-lane road which is not a limited access highway. The Canyon Rim Headquarters of the New River Gorge National River is just across the bridge from Fayetteville, West Virginia, and it offers not only information about the river, the gorge, their geology and remarkable history, but it reveals splendid, really breath-taking views of the Gorge as well as of the second-longest inverted arch bridge in the world. The Center is not more than two minutes off of the highway.

If you don't want to get too far off of the interstate, but you still would like to learn about the New River Gorge, a National Park center is right on I-64 just across the New River at the Sandstone/Hinton exit. Just follow the brown signs after taking the exit.

Points of Interest along the way:

By plane and automobile in a less direct way:


If you want to get off of the interstate highway and see more of West Virginia, there's another route that involves some curvy two-lane roads, but some beautiful countryside too. The best part is that you'll be on U. S. Route 60 the entire way, so there's not a confusing list of roads that you'll have to keep track of.

This route is so scenic in places that it actually has been designated a "Scenic Byway" and, as with all such roads, it has a name, the Midland Trail. However, it gets off to a pretty slow start (as far as scenery, that is).

You will take Greenbrier Street towards Charleston until it ends at Kanawha Boulevard. Take a left on the Boulevard. That's U. S. Route 60. You'll see the Capitol to your left (and if you want to tour it, just turn left right after the Capitol onto California Avenue and park at any of the metered spots you'll see to the left). You can see more about the Capitol in the section above.

Continue on Route 60 as it briefly merges onto I-64/I-77 and then, in about a mile, exits off of the interstate. You'll be on an intermittent four-lane and two-lane road through several small communities for the next twenty miles or so. After the town of Montgomery, the road is almost all two-lane and you will likely begin wondering where the nice scenery begins until you get to the very low Kanawha Falls where the New River and the Gauley River meet to form the Kanawha.

Proceed very slowly through the Town of Gauley Bridge, a notorious speed trap. Really -- please do not go a mere mile over the speed limit. You'll see the old power plant at Kanawha Falls as you drive through the town. Right afterwards, you'll see the trailer that someone somehow floated across the river onto an island. It has been there for over fifty years, and always delights those who see it.

Just on the other side of the town, you'll see the marvelous Cathedral Falls, a waterfall on the left almost directly beside the road. You can park and take an easy walk up to the falls. Depending on the rainfall during the summer, the falls can be bursting or merely a trickle, but it's always picturesque.

Here's where some really curvy road begins. For those who get car sickness, be sure to have taken whatever medication you may have before you get to this point. You'll be driving out of the bottom of the New River Gorge up to the mountains above.

Be sure to note that Route 60 swings to the left (and is very well marked) at Chimney Corner; avoid going straight onto WV Route 16. There is typically a sign directing traffic to Hawk's Nest State Park.

Before you get to Hawk's Nest, you'll pass one of the oldest tourist attractions in the state, the very funky "Mystery Hole" on the right. It's a hoot for those who like to be entertained with funky banality; just don't go in with a very serious attitude. But you'll then be rewarded with the highly coveted bumper sticker: "I Survived the Mystery Hole."

Just up the road, you'll actually drive through Hawk's Nest State Park. For one of the best views of the gorge -- as well as a little history lesson regarding the abuse of labor in the drilling of a major railroad tunnel -- stop here. The walk to the overlook -- a remarkably picturesque setting as well as a remarkable view of the New River -- is not more than five minutes from where you park. There is a Park Headquarters and a castle-like public rest room which never fails to fascinate the kids. All of this was built through CCC labor in the 1930s, and the natural stone and remarkable craftsmanship are hallmarks of that era.

Hawk's Nest also has another popular feature, the aerial tram that can be used to get to the marina on the river below. Each of the cars is enclosed and the trip allows you to see the side of the mountain in a unique way. Again, this is a favorite with children.

Hawk's Nest has a very reasonably priced lodge which would be a good half-way point for those of you who might want to take an extra day on the way to The Greenbrier.

Route 60 winds through the Town of Ansted and a number of unincorporated communities. Seasonal roadside attractions are frequently set up along the way, although these are as predictable as the rain. In any of the towns and communities, you will typically be met by people who are warm and remarkably, openly friendly. Don't hesitate to venture out of your car into any place that seems of interest. The fresh-faced hospitality is part of the milieu, the very spirit, of the southern Appalachians.

As you travel on Route 60, you'll come to an intersection with U. S. Route 19. At this crossroads, you're only some fifteen minutes from the Park's headquarters.

To get there, turn right onto U. S. 19 South. The sign will also say "Beckley." You'll turn to the left at an exit prominently marked "New River Gorge National River" on a typical brown sign used by the park service.

Also, if you've had enough of two-lane roads, U. S. 19 provides a nice shortcut back to a more direct way to The Greenbrier. Just continue on U. S. Route 19 South until you come to I-64/I-77, and take I-64 East/I-77 South. It's about fifteen minutes south and there is a quarter toll to get onto the interstate. Then just follow the directions for the most direct route using I-64 East.

Once you reach I-64 at a community called Sam Black Church, you should get off of U.S. Route 60 and take I-64 to White Sulphur Springs. (Of course, you can take Route 60 all the way to The Greenbrier, but the rest of Route 60 is little more than a so-called surface road for I-64 until Lewisburg.)

To reach White Sulphur Springs, take Exit 175 and turn left; at the intersection with U. S. Route 60 a quarter mile from the interstate, turn right onto U. S. Route 60 East towards White Sulphur Springs. In a couple of miles, you'll see the entrance to The Greenbrier on the left (and you'll know you're getting close since you'll be driving through one of The Greenbrier's golf courses before you turn up the hill, round a curve, and see the main entrance).

Places to see that are out of the way and how to get to The Greenbrier anyway!

A few people have expressed interest in flying into Charleston, but going to the Hatfield-McCoy Trail for what is called the greatest All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) riding in America. While it's not directly on the road to The Greenbrier, you can drive south and then loop around to The Greenbrier without having to backtrack.

The Hatfield-McCoy Trail is named for the families who were in conflict during the most famous of the family feuds that took place in the late nineteenth century. The Hatfields of West Virginia and the McCoys of Kentucky took their conflict to new heights ultimately involving a West Virginia governor and even the militias of both states.

The trail began in essentially the backyard of the Hatfields in West Virginia at a place called Buffalo Mountain. That trailhead -- reached primarily in Matewan, West Virginia, but with connectors in Williamson and Delbarton -- began what became a several hundred miles series of rugged trails, the kind that drivers of ATVs seem to prefer.

(Matewan may ring a bell for all of you who are fans of John Sayles' movies. It was the name of his 1987 film starring Chris Cooper, James Earl Jones, and Mary McDonnell that tells the story of one of the battles in the decades-long mine wars of southernmost West Virginia.)

The website can tell you more specifically how to access rental ATVs, where to stay, and the differences between the trails. One of the trailheads is only twenty miles from Charleston. However, the longer trail that is preferred by most is in Matewan, some ninety miles from Charleston.

If you decide to go, here's how to get to Matewan and then from Matewan to The Greenbrier without having to backtrack through Charleston.

From the airport, take Greenbrier Street to the interstate intersection. Turn right onto the interstate, taking I-64 West. Be sure to get into at least the middle lane because I-77 and I-64 split about a mile after you get on the four-lane.

After the split, get into the right-hand lane and take the exit marked "Logan/U. S. Route 119 South." This will take you onto Route 119 which is the road you'll follow for the next seventy or so miles. (Alas, the four-lane 119 has a number of traffic lights and you will go through the inevitable strip mall sprawl. Bear with it. It will disappear quite suddenly, and you'll be headed for the rather rural coal fields.)

After some sixty miles, U. S. Route 52 will merge with U. S. 119 and for a while you'll continue on essentially the same highway. Don't be confused when you find yourself briefly in Kentucky a couple of times. The road goes back and forth, but eventually you'll be in West Virginia for a while before the intersection with Route 52 in the City of Williamson, a crowded coal town and the county seat of Mingo County.

Take a left onto Route 52. Of course, if you are interested in taking the Hatfield-McCoy Trail, you've likely scoped out where you want to enter and have made reservations for renting equipment for the trip. However, for those who want to make the trip on to Matewan, here's how.

Continue on U. S. Route 52 until you come to the intersection with WV Route 49. This is an extremely narrow and curvy road with coal truck traffic. You'll go through a number of unincorporated communities with names such as Rawl and Sprigg before you come to Matewan.

Matewan is proud of its history and has a number of historical sites regarding the mine wars and the Matewan Massacre. This is also the primary trailhead for the Hatfield-McCoy Trail system.

To go back to U. S. Route 52, you do not have to backtrack. Instead, take County Route 9 to North Matewan and on to Red Jacket. Make a right onto U. S. Route 52.

Route 52 is one of the curviest roads in the nation, certainly the curviest U. S. highway. You'll travel through a number of West Virginia's coal towns. Most have seen better days. (For the record, incidentally, you'll travel through one of the towns in which Steve Canterbury grew up, Welch, the McDowell County seat.)

Curvy though it is, stay on Route 52 until you come to Bluefield. Along the way there are a couple of interesting sites to see. Just off Route 52 after you cross into Mercer County, there's the town of Bramwell. This is worth a moment to drive through since it was once the home of more millionaires per capita than anywhere else in the United States. Many of the stately old coal company owners' homes are still standing and are simply remarkable to see.

Just up the hill from Bramwell is Pinnacle Rock State Park. Unless you want to take the time to do some serious rock climbing, you can see most of what Pinnacle has to offer as you drive by on Route 52.

In Bluefield, Route 52 winds through the town, ultimately merging with Route 460. You will want to take Route 460 towards Princeton. Finally, you'll be on a four-lane road and you can relax for a little while. But don't think it will last for too long!

Continue on Route 460 until you enter Virginia. Right across the bridge over the New River, you will come to a little town called Rich Creek, Virginia. Exit Route 460 onto U. S. Route 219. In a matter of a few miles, you'll be back in West Virginia and entering a tiny town called Peterstown.

Stay on Route 219. You will likely notice that the landscape here is as different as night and day from the coal fields territory of Route 52. Stay on U. S. Route 219 through the Monroe County seat of Union (don't blink or you'll miss it) and on through Lewisburg, the Greenbrier County seat.

You will see that Organ Cave is just off U. S. Route 219. See the section marked "Organ Cave" for more information about that remarkable historical cavern.

You can turn onto U. S. Route 60 East if you want to continue on a two-lane road until you get to White Sulphur Springs some fifteen miles away. The Greenbrier is right on U. S. Route 60. Or you can go through the town until you get to I-64 where you should head east.

From the interstate, take Exit 175 and turn left; at the intersection with U. S. Route 60 a quarter mile from the interstate, turn right onto U. S. Route 60 East towards White Sulphur Springs. In a couple of miles, you'll see the entrance to The Greenbrier on the left (and you'll know you're getting close since you'll be driving through one of The Greenbrier's golf courses before you turn up the hill, round a curve, and see the main entrance).

Points of Interest along the way:

Driving from Washington, D.C. -- Direct Route:

It's remarkably easy to get to The Greenbrier from Washington, D.C. It's about a four to five hour drive. Here's how:

  • Take I-66 west to I-81 south
  • Take I-81 south through the Shenandoah Valley. (Alas, this is a very highly traveled road, and it can be like a parking lot at times.)
  • I-64 merges with I-81 just south of Staunton, Virginia
  • Just before Lexington, Virginia, I-64 diverges from I-81
  • Take I-64 west

Within seven or so miles, there is the first of two White Sulphur Springs exits. If you take the first, just follow Route 60 west through town until you come to the entrance to The Greenbrier on the right. If you take the second one, just follow Route 60 east until you come to the entrance to The Greenbrier on the left. Each takes approximately the same amount of time, about five or so minutes from the interstate.

Driving from Washington, D.C. -- Scenic Route:

There is also a wonderful scenic route that will take a full day's drive. But on a clear day, it's certainly worth the extra time to see countryside that very few others ever see.

Here's the way:

  • Take I-66 west to I-81 south
  • Take I-81 north to U. S. 50 west (through Winchester)
  • You'll pass through the town of Romney, possibly the oldest town in West Virginia (in competition with Shepherdstown, which some of you visited a few years ago during a Mid-Atlantic regional conference), and the home of the School for the Deaf and Blind. This town is rich in Civil War history as Confederates and Yankees took and retook the town several times and served as the western headquarters of Stonewall Jackson.
  • At Junction, take U. S. 220/WV 28 south
  • You'll pass through Moorefield and ultimately into Petersburg
  • In Petersburg, stay on WV 28 when U. S. 220 splits away in town
  • WV 28 takes one through some very special countryside with rock spires (Champa Knobs) rising to your left (the east) and the North Fork of the South Branch of the Potomac River forming coves where it has eroded away the mountain.
  • You'll come to the western side of Seneca Rocks. (Turn left into the parking area for views of Seneca Rocks, one of the most unique formations in the Appalachians.)
  • A few miles south, WV 28 will merge into U. S. 33. Continue south. (You can stop at the park headquarters to see views of the other side of Seneca Rocks.)
  • Continue on U. S. 33/WV 28
  • Take WV 28 South when the two roads separate. It may be marked "Bartow" or "Green Bank."
  • Continue on WV 28 until you reach Green Bank. (There you may want to stop at the National Radio Observatory headquarters to learn about the amazing radio telescopes that have been looking for intelligent life in outer space since about 1960. This is the location of the largest moveable radio telescope dish in the world; it's the size of a football field!)
  • Continue on WV 28/WV 92 South until WV 92 splits (at Dunmore, as I recall)
  • Take WV 92 South to White Sulphur Springs
  • Turn right onto U. S. 60 west which is also the main street in White Sulphur Springs
  • The Greenbrier is on the right immediately after you pass through town

Points of Interest along the way:

What do Martha Stewart, John Henry, and the Army Corps of Engineers have in common? Read the following directions, and you'll understand.

Turn right onto U. S. Route 60 as you leave The Greenbrier. Ignore the on-ramp to I-64, and stay on Route 60 to Lewisburg.

As you enter town, you'll pass the General Lewis Inn on the left. At the traffic signal in the middle of town, turn left onto U. S. Route 219 South. Continue out of town on U. S. Route 219 South.

U. S. Route 219 splits so that you will be on a rather lengthy one-lane road. After a half mile or so, you'll pass a good, old-fashioned trailer park on the right, then the West Virginia State Fairgrounds on the left.

Here's a tricky part: you shall see a sign that indicates that to stay on U. S. Route 219, you should get in the left-hand lane. DO NOT FOLLOW! Stay in the right lane.

Then, turn right onto DAVIS STUART SCHOOL ROAD, County Route 37. You'll pass Greenbrier East Middle School on the right. This road is a narrow, curvy two-lane road, but it provides a wonderful, scenic by-way as well as a nice short-cut around some landscape that isn't especially worth your while on a road that goes on for about fifteen miles. Davis Stuart School Road is no longer than about five to seven miles, so the fact that you won't be able to go any faster than forty miles per hour won't start to trouble you!

You'll pass many cows and small farms, the Fairlea Animal Hospital on the right, and the old Davis Stuart orphanage on the left. You can catch glimpses of the distant higher mountains as you drive.

At the stop sign, turn right onto WV 63 heading west. Ultimately, you'll pass many a little summer fish camp trailer on the left where several sport fishing creeks have trailheads. (The trees are so thick that they screen the creeks from many views.)

At the next stop sign, you'll reach the junction with WV Route 12. (There is a "To I-64" sign at this intersection. DO NOT FOLLOW it since I-64 is about fifteen miles away on a less than scenic drive. Hold the course on Route 12!)

Turn left on WV Route 12 heading south. The sign will indicate "Pence Springs/Talbot."

This road will take you through the town of Alderson, and you'll see the lazy Greenbrier River to your left. (The Greenbrier River is the longest undammed river east of the Mississippi, incidentally.) You may be trying to recall where you heard of Alderson: it's the home of the first federal women's prison in the nation, and it's where Tokyo Rose, Squeaky Fromm, and, yep, Martha Stewart spent varying amounts of their lives.)

South WV Route 12 is joined by WV Route 3 heading west. Continue towards Pence Springs/Hinton.

As you drive, you'll notice that the river forms an island and that the trees are even thicker than they have been. Through those trees is the Alderson Correctional Facility for Women, but it's unlikely that you'll get a glimpse of it since the summer foliage blocks it very thoroughly. Even in the winter, it's hard to see.

Continue through the Greenbrier Valley. You'll pass through Pence Springs with its Greenbrier Landing catfish pond on the left.

You'll also pass through Talbot. That's the old railroad town where John Henry challenged the automated steel driving machine. (As legend has it, John Henry beat the machine, but died almost immediately afterwards -- a warning, I suppose, to certain court reporters who would challenge the advent of automated voice-activated recorders!)

You'll wind up the hill from Talbot and through the appropriately named Hilldale. Just continue on WV West 3 as it goes back down the hill.

Ultimately, you'll cross the Greenbrier River and you'll come to a stop sign right afterwards. Turn right towards Hinton, staying on West WV 3. The Greenbrier River (and several summer camps) will be on your right as you drive.

In about five or so miles, you'll drive into the outskirts of the small town of Hinton. There you need to be alert for when WV 3 turns left.

Turn left onto WV Route 3. You'll cross the New River. Look towards the left as you cross the bridge for views of the Bluestone Dam, an early 1950s flood control project built by the Army Corps of Engineers.

At the intersection at the other end of the dam, turn right onto WV Route 20 South.

(If you want to see the dam and the narrow, deep Bluestone Lake behind it, obviously turn left. By so doing, soon after you pass the dam, you'll cross a bridge where the Bluestone River and the New River converge. Right before the bridge is the entrance to a rustic state park -- Bluestone State Park.)

As you travel on WV Route 20, the New River will be on your right. (If you're hungry -- or just want a snack -- take a break at the Dairy Queen you'll see within a half mile or so from the bridge. It has a dining room that sits right on the river for wonderful views of the river, of ducks and other water fowl, and often of fishermen in waders seeing what they can catch. I wouldn’t typically recommend a Dairy Queen, to be perfectly honest, but this one is something special, at least for a Dairy Queen!)

Continue on WV Route 20 ignoring the intersection where Route 3 turns left up the mountain. As you continue on WV Route 20, you'll make an extreme right-hand turn onto a bridge to cross the New River yet again. Look to the right and you may see the confluence of the Greenbrier River and the New River which occurs about a mile downstream from the Bluestone Dam.

WV Route 20 will take you through the Town of Hinton. Just stay straight on the road. It will be a one-way road for a while.

After it's a two-way road again, you'll eventually start to head up the mountain. Along the way are two national park scenic overlooks on the left. They are rarely cleared enough in the summer to see much of a view, but you can certainly give them a try. I'm fairly confident you won't be able to see Sandstone Falls, however, because of the summer foliage (and the National Park's aversion to cutting away any branches at any time).

It's ten miles or so from Hinton to I-64. At the on-ramp of I-64 is one of the New River National River's park headquarters. It has basic information regarding the river and the region.

Get on I-64 West towards Beckley.

Stay on I-64 as it merges with I-77 and you enter the West Virginia Turnpike. There will be two toll booths that will cost you two dollars each.

At mile marker 44 (or so), you'll see an exit ramp for Tamarack. It's a collection of some of the best West Virginia arts and crafts. There is also a nice place to grab lunch with food provided by none other than The Greenbrier.

Otherwise, continue on I-64 West/I-77 North.

Unless you're Laurie Dudgeon or possibly one or two other folks who have decided to drive from the west, you'll turn at the Greenbrier Street Exit that is clearly marked Yeager Airport. Turn right for Yeager and follow the signs.

The entire scenic byway will add about an hour to your drive to Charleston. It's well worth it if you have the time.

photo by ForestWander Nature Photography, Creative Commons License

Points of Interest

The West Virginia State Capitol

The West Virginia State Capitol

As you approach the interstate intersection some two to three miles from the airport, you will see the West Virginia State Capitol slightly to the left in front of you. This is the last state capitol designed by Cass Gilbert, considered one of America's greatest architects and unarguably the finest purveyor of neo-classical revivalist design. What makes the West Virginia Capitol especially interesting to those of us who work in court systems is that this capitol building was designed as Gilbert learned that he had been awarded the contract to design the United States Supreme Court building.

Thus, the West Virginia Supreme Courtroom, contained within the Capitol, is of special interest since it turned out to be a working model of what Gilbert would design for the United States Supreme Court. Many of the features, such as the justices coming through curtains to take their seats on the bench, were tried out in the West Virginia Courtroom before being part of the design in Washington, D.C.

If you want to tour the West Virginia Capitol -- including the Courtroom which is not offered for viewing on the typical statehouse tour -- please contact us at the Administrative Office of the Courts by calling (304) 558-0145. Or you can email and he will arrange for your personal tour.

Of course, if you don't want a tour and want to stop by anyway, you can still visit the Capitol. It's open to the public from 7:00 AM until 7:00 PM on weekdays, from 9:00 AM to 7:00 PM on Saturdays, and from Noon to 7:00 PM on Sundays. All of the Capitol doors are open, convenient to wherever you park. (Parking, incidentally, is typically best on California Avenue which is the next block after you turn onto Kanawha Boulevard from Greenbrier Street; just turn left and you can swing into a parking spot on your left from your lane, but be sure to feed the meter because there are paid vultures ready to ticket you otherwise!)

The Capitol campus also has wonderful exhibitions at the Culture Center, right next door to the Capitol building. There you can find the permanent West Virginia State Museum, as well as rotating exhibitions featuring the state's art and local history. The Culture Center's hours are Tuesday through Saturday, 9:00 AM until 5:00 PM.


Downtown Charleston

The capital of West Virginia is a lovely small city (population 51,000). Its downtown is compact and easy to navigate on foot. There are several unique restaurants, antique and art galleries, a pulse-of-the-city bookstore (Taylor's), and one of the best ice cream parlors in the nation (Ellen's).

The most picturesque (and probably easiest) way to get to downtown is to stay on Greenbrier Street from the airport until it ends at Kanawha Boulevard. You'll pass under the interstate and you'll see the Capitol Complex to the left as you approach the Boulevard which parallels the Kanawha River.

Turn right on Kanawha Boulevard and drive for several blocks until you reach Capitol Street. (Capitol Street intersects with Kanawha Boulevard in front of the only building on the left, the river side, of Kanawha Boulevard, the fifteen-story Union Building.) Turn right onto Capitol Street and you're in the heart of downtown. A few blocks from where you turned, between Quarrier Street and Lee Street, you will especially find some interesting places to eat on Fife Street which parallels Capitol Street to the east. Quarrier Street also has some very interesting specialty shops, such as the Purple Moon Gallery.

Just off I-64/I-77's Leon Sullivan Way exit is the Clay Center, a solid, multi-purpose museum and concert center. For information about exhibits and features, see

There are many more places to shop and see in and around Charleston. South Hills, across the river from downtown, is especially interesting. Just contact the Administrative Office of the Courts -- at (304) 558-0145 -- or e-mail if you have specific questions (or you get lost navigating Charleston!).


Tamarack - The Best of West Virginia

Just off I-64/I-77 at mile marker 45 is Tamarack, West Virginia's premiere arts and crafts center. Everything at Tamarack is made by West Virginia artists and craftspeople, and everything is for sale. Marbles, toys, clothing, furniture, sculptures and other fine art -- items priced from fifty cents to twenty thousand dollars. Information is posted throughout about all of the artists and craftsmen who are represented in the collection. On a typical day, an artist or two is creating work in a public viewing area.

You can also find a marvelous place to eat inside featuring food by none other than The Greenbrier, but it's very reasonably priced, a perfect place to relax and eat en route to the Annual Meeting.



Beckley's Exhibition Coal Mine

Beckley's Exhibition Coal Mine

A mere ten minutes from Beckley Exit 44 is the Exhibition Coal Mine which features tours throughout the day from 10:00 AM until 6:00 PM. A 1940s coal mine, visitors ride into the mines on authentic man-trip coal cars, and a former coal miner explains what guests are seeing inside. (Be sure to bring a jacket since, no matter how hot it is outside, a coal mine is always 58 degrees inside.) Houses and buildings that were part of the coal community (typically referred to as a "coal camp") have also been restored and are open for sightseeing.

Right next door is the Youth Museum of Southern West Virginia and is a nice break from driving for those of you with children twelve and under. Kids also seem to love going into the coal mine, so this is a terrific opportunity for children to get a break from traveling.


Beartown and Droop Mountain

For those who would like to take a lovely bike ride along the Greenbrier River while seeing some of the stranger rock formations in the Appalachian Mountains, a great suggestion is Beartown State Park.

It's right beside another state park, Droop Mountain, the site of one of the major battles of the Civil War in the Alleghenies.

To get to them is very easy: just take U. S. Route 219 North at Exit 169 off of I-64. That's the Lewisburg exit, but instead of heading into Lewisburg, you should head the other way.

After you enter Pocahontas County, look for the Beartown turn-off. It's within a few miles of the county line and is clearly marked. You'll turn right.

For Droop Mountain, just continue a few miles farther on Route 219. You'll see its entrance to the left. If it's a very clear day -- and even if you're planning on going to Beartown -- I would suggest heading up to Droop Mountain and going up into the tower. It is one of the single most spectacular views in all of West Virginia, a place to get to when the mountains are starting to make a person a bit claustrophobic!

Organ Cave and Lost World Caverns

Organ Cave is both a National Historic Landmark because of its importance in the Civil War and a National Natural Landmark. It offers not only the usual tour, but an extended expedition for those who want to do some serious spelunking. The Cave offers equipment rentals, so one does not have to bring anything more than the desire to get into the depths of the earth.

To get to Organ Cave, take U. S. Route 60 (between Lewisburg and White Sulphur Springs) until the intersection with WV Route 63. Head south. You will come to it right before the intersection with U. S. Route 219.

To get back to I-64, you can, of course, simply turn around. However, if you don't want to backtrack, take U. S. Route 219 North which will take you back to Lewisburg, U. S. Route 60, and I-64.

Lost World Caverns was not discovered until 1942. The self-guided tour takes about 45 minutes. There is also a four-hour guided tour to greater depths.

Lost World Caverns is only a few miles from Lewisburg and local roads take you there. If you want more information about how to get there, either consult the website or call the Administrative Office. There are also signs directing a traveler to it from the Lewisburg exit off of I-64.

The National Radio Astronomy Observatory

National Radio Astronomy Observatory

The only Observatory built for the single purpose of finding intelligent life in outer space, this extraordinary set of rotating radio telescopes -- with one that has a dish larger than a football field at 100 meters wide -- is in one of the most rural settings in West Virginia, itself one of the most rural states in the nation. To get to it from The Greenbrier involves a long, but beautiful drive. Indeed, this country is so scenic that when Senator John D. Rockefeller, IV, moved to West Virginia, and decided to make it his home, he bought several thousand acres in Pocahontas County, very close to the Observatory in Green Bank.

The Green Bank Science Center is open every day from 8:30 AM until 7:00 PM. There are hands-on activities and a planetarium. There are also bus tours of the Observatory itself from 9:00 AM until 6:00 PM.

It takes about two hours to drive from The Greenbrier to the Observatory. Here's how:

Turn east onto U. S. Route 60, left out of the gates of The Greenbrier. Drive through the town of White Sulphur Springs. Turn left onto WV Route 92 North.

Continue on Route 92 North. Be sure to bear right at Minnehaha Springs, staying on Route 92. Likewise, be sure to stay with Route 92 in Frost.

Route 92 takes you right by the entrance to the Observatory which will be on the left. You'll know you're getting close, however, because you'll see the radio telescopes as you drive. Indeed, there are warnings posted on the road because unsuspecting motorists in the past were so shocked that accidents resulted upon unexpectedly turning a curve and seeing these out-of-place installations!

Seneca Rocks

Seneca Rocks

Seneca Rocks is a large crag, or vertical cliff face, rising nearly 900 feet and consisting of white/gray Tuscarora quartzite. Towering over the North Fork River, it stands as one of West Virginia’s best-known landmarks. The quartzite is approximately 250 feet thick and is located primarily on exposed ridges as cap rock or exposed crags. The rock is composed of fine grains of sand that were laid down approximately 440 million years ago, in an extensive sheet at the edge of an ancient ocean. Named for the Seneca Indians that habituated this part of the state during the archaic period, Seneca Rocks stands as a monument to extreme beauty mother nature has bestowed upon West Virginia.